Andrew White, a Democratic candidate for Texas governor who’s called for $5,000 pay raises for public school teachers, declared that half of the state’s newest teachers lack college degrees.
White, a Houston investor, said, “I know this: One way to fix education is to pay teachers more, so that we can attract the best teachers and keep the best teachers. So, we have a problem in this area right now. Fifty percent of our new teachers don’t have college degrees. Right?”
Not right, according to information we obtained from the Texas Education Agency.
After a reader brought White’s claim to our attention, White’s campaign spokeswoman, Desi Canela, told us that White misspoke in the Jan. 11 public interview with the Texas Tribune. Canela said that White, drawing on information from a teacher advocacy group, had intended to stress the increased rarity of certified teachers in the state having bachelor’s degrees in education.
Canela said that White “wants to mandate a uniform pathway to be certified to teach” including, as a “good first step,” a focus on educators majoring in education.
Let’s cover whether incoming teachers have college degrees, then turn to the alternative statement.
TEA spokeswoman Lauren Callahan told us that, with minor exceptions, state law requires anyone seeking a state teaching certificate to have a bachelor’s degree. Also by law, Callahan wrote, almost all teachers in open-enrollment charter schools must hold bachelor’s degrees.
Callahan said that of “over 25,000 newly certified Texas teachers in 2015-16, a maximum of 1.5 percent could’ve been certified without a baccalaureate degree.” She added, “It’s likely the number would’ve been less.” The agency reached the 1.5 percent estimate, Callahan said, by comparing the 382 individuals newly certified in the two school subjects that don’t require a teacher to hold a bachelor’s degree — “health science technology” and “trade and industrial workforce training” — with the 25,451 total newly certified teachers for that year.
Canela told us White had intended to echo a claim specific to education degrees included in a candidate questionnaire he’d fielded from the Texas State Teachers Association, an affiliate of the National Education Association that advocates for teacher-members.
Canela emailed us a photo of part of the questionnaire, which says in part: “A majority of incoming teachers no longer graduate from college with education degrees; they are certified via ‘alternate certification’ programs.’ Some have suggested that reducing the standards for becoming a certified teacher could alleviate the teacher shortage.” The questionnaire then asks if the candidate is for or against reducing teacher certification standards.
To our request for elaboration, the association’s Clay Robison emailed us a document, attributed to the State Board for Educator Certification, which oversees the preparation, certification and standards of conduct for Texas public school teachers. The document, dated March 2017, breaks out the ways that new Texas teaching certificates were earned from 2011-12 through 2015-16. In the latter year, the document says, 12,553 individuals gained certificates by taking an alternative route while 8,366 did so by meeting state requirements through an undergraduate program. That makes for a 60-40 split between teachers certified by alternative means and those who went through undergraduate programs. If you also consider individuals certified by coming from out of state or attaining advanced degrees, then people certified via the alternative route made up 49 percent of newly certified teachers.
White said 50 percent “of our new” Texas “teachers don’t have college degrees.”
In fact, very few newly certified teachers lack college degrees. White’s camp told us he meant to refer to teachers who don’t get certified through undergraduate education programs.
We rate what he said False.
Statement: “Fifty percent of our new teachers don’t have college degrees.”