These are the 5 biggest stock market crashes in US history


The Dow Jones industrial average rose more than 500 points Tuesday as stocks looked to recover from their biggest one-day point drop in history the day before. CNN called it “the scariest day on Wall Street in years.”

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While the point-decline was the worst in history, Monday’s numbers were nowhere near the worst stock market crashes in American history by percentage.

“Because the Dow, S&P 500 index and Nasdaq composite have run up so much in the long bull market, comparing today's point losses to earlier eras isn't relevant,” Investors.com noted. “Percentage changes offer a better comparison.”

The 1,175-point Dow drop on Monday amounted to 4.6 percent, the worst since August 2011. But it was just the 25th worst loss since 1960.

Here are five of the worst stock market crashes in U.S. history, based on daily percentage losses:

Oct. 19, 1987

Percentage change: -22.61 percent

About: Known as “Black Monday,” this devastating crash began in Hong Kong, spread to Europe and then hit the U.S. hard.

>> Related: Why Trump has little influence on rising or falling stocks

Oct. 28, 1929

Percentage change: -12.82 percent

About the crash: The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as the Great Crash or the Stock Market Crash of 1929 started on Oct. 24 and signaled the beginning of the 12-year Great Depression. Black Monday, the fourth and worst day of the crash, saw a drop of 12.82 percent. 

Dec. 18, 1899

Percentage change: -11.99 percent

About the crash: During the Panic of 1896, the U.S. experienced an acute economic depression caused by a drop in silver reserves and deflation.

Oct. 29, 1929

Percentage change: -11.73

About the crash:  Black Tuesday was the fifth day of the the Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as the Great Crash or the Stock Market Crash of 1929 that started on Oct. 24 and signaled the beginning of the 12-year Great Depression.

>> Related: Stock market drops again at opening today

Nov. 6, 1929

Percentage change: -9.92

About the crash: Just a week after the height of the 1929 Stock Market Crash, investors saw another dip.

The Associated Press contributed to this story.


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