Commentary: Help Harvey victims. Don’t bring up climate change now


Humans love to be right and hate being wrong. They go through life looking for evidence that what they already believe is correct and shunting to the side evidence that contradicts their current beliefs. In other words, humans are motivated reasoners.

This accounts, in part, for numerous recent proclamations made by some that human-made climate change caused Hurricane Harvey to become the hurricane to end all hurricanes. Wishing to convince climate change deniers, they have gleefully seized on Harvey as one very big data point to add to all the other data points that climate change is a thing.

INSIGHT: Why cash, not clothing, is more helpful after disasters.

There are two reasons this climate change talk is problematic. First, there is overwhelming scientific evidence that climate change is, in fact, a thing and that human activity is a meaningful driver of it. However, Harvey’s ferocity provides only mixed evidence to add to the existing case and that evidence will need to be studied carefully for some time before firm conclusions can be drawn. More importantly, Harvey’s existence does not add weight to the argument for the more contested point that if there is climate change, it is significantly caused by humans. Therefore, Harvey should not be trumpeted as the final argument that should persuade climate change deniers to admit their error once and for all. If the existing scientific consensus and all the data that supports it are insufficient to change skeptics’ minds, Harvey is not going to do it either.

Reason number two: Labeling Harvey as a product of climate change is likely to reduce donations from the private sector that are needed to help Harvey’s victims. Why? It gets back to motivated reasoning.

SCIENCE: 5 things about the Ike Dike, a surge barrier for Texas coast.

In a recent study, psychologists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst had subjects read two versions of an article about a famine caused by an extreme drought. One version attributed the drought to climate change; the other did not mention climate change. The subjects were then asked about justifications for or against providing aid and their attitudes toward the possibility of donating to help drought victims. Subjects who were skeptical of climate change came up with more reasons not to help the victims and had more negative attitudes toward donating to help them when the drought was attributed to climate change as compared with skeptics who read the same article but without mention of climate change. If the drought was attributed to climate change, which they did not believe in, climate change skeptics were less willing to help people who needed help.

This result was not a surprise, because an earlier study found that consumers who did not believe in climate change were less likely to buy energy-efficient light bulbs that would save them money if the bulbs’ package featured a sticker reading “Protect the Environment” than if it did not have that sticker.

ANALYSIS: We’ve seen Texas charity. Let’s now have sensible climate talk.

Political ideology can create a world view that prevents people from aiding others who need help and from buying goods that would be economically beneficial to themselves just so they won’t be associated with a view they reject.

Motivated reasoning, motivated donating and motivated buying know no single party or point of view. Harvey’s victims in Texas and Louisiana need help. Private donations will be an important source. But Donald Trump won both states handily in 2016, and only 25 percent of his supporters think that climate change is caused by humans. Therefore, claims that Harvey provides the clinching evidence for the view that human activity causes climate change are not only unlikely to persuade skeptics, but also likely to reduce the amount of private aid given to help Harvey’s victims.

Prentice is with the University of Texas McCombs School of Business and a member of the UT System Academy of Distinguished Teachers.



Reader Comments ...


Next Up in Opinion

Letters to the editor: Jan. 23, 2018

Re: Jan. 18 commentary, “TEA must commit to an overhaul of its special education practices.” I love Texas. That’s why we moved here in 1979. But I am very sad that we have not kept up with services for those with developmental disabilities. Capping the number of students who can receive special education services is beyond ridiculous...
Facebook comments: Jan. 23, 2018
Facebook comments: Jan. 23, 2018

As reported by the American-Statesman’s Kevin Lyttle, Precourt Sports Ventures, owners of Columbus Crew SC, has ruled out the Travis County Exposition Center as a possible Major League Soccer stadium site. PSV officials said they toured the site and researched it before determining that it did not fit their needs for an urban-core facility with...
TWO VIEWS: Democracy? Bag it, say the Republicans
TWO VIEWS: Democracy? Bag it, say the Republicans

The urgent love Texas Republicans feel for plastic bags is a mystery. Let’s look, though. Maybe there’s a clue in the trail left by former Texas congressman Tom Loeffler all the way back in the 1980s. The game is afoot — literally. As a candidate for governor back in 1986, Loeffler confessed that he had worn plastic shower caps on...
Letters to the editor: Jan. 22, 2018

Re: Jan. 18 article, “Expo Center trimmed from PSV’s list of Austin MLS stadium sites.” The possibility of Butler Shores being decimated for a soccer stadium worries me. I am absolutely against such a move. These negotiations appear to be similar to the bullying of Austin that Uber and Lyft attempted. Butler Shores, at the confluence...
TWO VIEWS: Why Supreme Court should rule against bag ban
TWO VIEWS: Why Supreme Court should rule against bag ban

Shoppers might soon discover that the grocery store is less expensive and more convenient. Two weeks ago, the Texas Supreme Court heard oral arguments in a case questioning the legitimacy of municipal bans on plastic bags. If justices reaffirm an appellate court ruling, consumers will be unburdened from this clear example of government overreach. At...
More Stories