New listeria fears prompt another Blue Bell recall


Company that supplies cookie dough to Blue Bell says there are concerns that listeria could be in the dough.

Texas isn’t among the 10 states where ice cream with that batch of cookie dough was distributed.

A new listeria scare has prompted Brenham-based Blue Bell Creameries and one of its vendors to issue a voluntary recall.

The recall centers on about 2,000 cases of cookie dough produced last month that was sent to Blue Bell facilities in Brenham and Sylacauga, Ala., for inclusion in Chocolate Chip Cookie Dough and Cookie Two Step ice creams.

The ice cream being recalled was produced at the Alabama facility, Blue Bell said, and distributed in 10 states: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia.

The supplier of the cookie dough used in the ice cream, Aspen Hills Inc., says there are “concerns” that listeria could be present in it. Listeria can be harmful or even fatal to children and to those with compromised immune systems.

No illnesses have been reported so far, Aspen Hills and Blue Bell said.

Blue Bell, in a written statement, said it “identified a potential problem through intensified internal testing” and notified Aspen Hills.

“Although our products in the marketplace have passed our test-and-hold program, which requires that finished product samples test negative for Listeria monocytogenes, Blue Bell is initiating this recall out of an abundance of caution,” the company said.

Blue Bell ice cream returned to local store shelves more than a year ago in the wake of the first recall in its history. But the company is facing an uphill battle after federal officials linked it to a listeria outbreak last year that sickened 10 people and led to three deaths, triggering the recall of 8 million gallons of ice cream and the closure of the company’s plants.

Already, the rebuilding process could be years in the making. But despite the lingering concerns, executives with Brenham-based Blue Bell Creameries Inc. told the American-Statesman earlier this month that they remain optimistic about the company’s outlook.

Today, Blue Bell is operating in 16 states, compared with the 23 states where it sold ice cream products prior to its 2015 recall. It now sells 25 flavors, versus as many as 30 previously. And it has about 2,500 workers, down 36 percent from its previous 3,900-member workforce.

In the aftermath of last year’s recall, Blue Bell spent a great deal of money cleaning, repairing and replacing manufacturing equipment at its plants. It has faced at least two related lawsuits, which have been settled for undisclosed sums. And the company was fined up to $850,000 in July by the Texas Department of State Health Services after the state said Blue Bell “allowed adulterated product to enter the marketplace and cause illness.”

The company paid the state of Texas $175,000 on Aug. 22. The rest of the fine won’t have to be paid as long as Blue Bell adheres to conditions outlined in an agreement with state regulators that allowed the company to resume production.

While Blue Bell’s main plant in Brenham has far fewer issues than in the past, Texas health inspectors are still finding some causes for concern, according to documents filed by the state. An August inspection report obtained by the Statesman shows “a ceiling leak, caulking that needed repair, a vessel that needs to be sloped to the drain and a vessel that had the potential for condensation to drip into it.”

Overhead pipes leaking into vats of ice cream is one theory some food safety experts have floated for how listeria bacteria might have previously spread in Blue Bell facilities, although that theory was never confirmed. Blue Bell executives said they were aware of the findings and said those concerns have already been addressed.

Bill Marler, a Seattle-based lawyer who is an expert on foodborne-illness cases, said companies often have stumbles as they return to market after a major recall.

“It’s a nightmare, but it’s a nightmare they can control,” Marler said.

Marler said the new recall highlights a potential blind spot for Blue Bell: ensuring that its vendors are also addressing food safety issues.

Marler said he suspects Aspen Hills didn’t have a test-and-hold system in place. Otherwise, the listeria would have been caught before arriving at Blue Bell.

“I would be more worried if their own plant was testing positive” for listeria, Marler said. “This shows is they are controlling their own environment, but now they need to control the environments where they get this product from.”

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